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Guidelines for Research to Practice

Guidelines for Research to Practice

The Research to Practice section of Engage (formerly e-Volunteerism) has three primary goals:

  • Publish research important to the readership.
  • Share relevant research published in other outlets.
  • Involve subscribers and other volunteerism professionals in research.

Publish Research Important to the Readership

The overriding goal of the section is to foster and publish high-quality research on and about volunteerism that is useful and accessible to practitioners. Consistent with the editorial policy of e-Volunteerism, the focus of the section is on research that addresses the topics of volunteers, volunteering, volunteer program management, and all-volunteer group leadership. The section is open to research and commentary on the full range of service-related activities performed in the absence of monetary incentive or compensation, whether or not the writing used to describe these activities refers specifically to "volunteer," "volunteering," and the like. Thus, articles on community service, service learning, advocacy, pro bono publico work, donated professional services, neighborhood organizing, advocacy, time dollars, and so forth are welcome. The activity is crucial, rather than the terms used to describe it. Articles published in the Research to Practice section might address such activities per se, and/or the organization, management, or leadership of the activity.

Articles submitted for publication will be peer-reviewed. The editor and the associate editor of the Research to Practice section and the editors of e-Volunteerism constitute the editorial team. As necessary, they may seek the input and judgment of other reviewers. The primary criteria for publication are:

  • Topical focus: The article should center on volunteer activity and/or the organization, management, or leadership of this activity.
  • Quality of the research: The article should evidence awareness of conventional standards of research, such as consideration of the relevant literature and alternative explanations for findings.
  • Usefulness to practitioners: The article should have implications for informing -- or preferably improving -- practice.
  • Accessibility of writing: The article should communicate to a practitioner audience and avoid, insofar as possible, professional jargon or technical language.
  • Novelty or insightfulness: The article should illuminate a topic that could benefit from further inquiry, and/or investigate the subject in a unique way or from a fresh vantage point.

Share Relevant Research Published in Other Outlets

The second goal of the Research to Practice section is to share research of interest to subscribers. The section will strive to bring to the attention of the readership research on volunteerism published in other outlets. To accomplish this goal, the editor and associate editor of the section will undertake or commission the following:

  • Summaries or reviews of articles published in other journals
  • Summaries or syntheses of contemporary research on particular topics
  • Publication of abstracts of articles

Involve Subscribers and Other Volunteerism Professionals in Research

The third goal of Research to Practice is to involve subscribers and other volunteerism professionals in research activities. The perspective of the section is that volunteerism professionals frequently conduct research on the job -- some are just more systematic and self-conscious about it than others -- and that research is a valuable activity for them and the field. It builds knowledge and understanding, contributes to the development of the profession and promotes better practice. Accordingly, Research to Practice attempts to involve subscribers and other volunteerism professionals in the research process in several ways. The section will endeavor to:

  • Develop a reviewer database of interested subscribers and other volunteerism professionals to participate in the research initiatives of the section, to include preparation of book reviews, article reviews and summaries, and summaries or syntheses of research (see above).
  • Assist subscribers in conducting and publishing their own research.
  • Conduct research by electronic media, for example, web-based surveys that seek the input and attitudes of subscribers.
  • Convene panels of experts to share views and knowledge by electronic media, for example, e-mail on important topics.

Consistent with this editorial philosophy, as a matter of work style, the Research to Practice section embraces participation. The editor of the section works collaboratively and encourages subscribers to the journal and other volunteerism professionals to become involved in the research enterprise.

Use of AI tools

All content published in Engage should be the original work of the submitting author(s).

This does not mean that Large Language Model (LLM) / Artificial Intelligence (AI) tools (e.g., ChatGPT) cannot be used, but the following should be noted:

  • Submitting author(s) are responsible for the validity and integrity of their work, and should clearly identify and cite any use of LLM / AI-generated text in their submission.
  • Submitting author(s) should clearly explain how they used LLM / AI-generated text and provide details of how it helped them. As a minimum this should include:
    • were such tools used for creating some sections of text?;
    • were such tools used to revise text that was written by the submitting author(s)?;
    • what proportion of the whole article was created using text generated by such tools?
  • The use of LLM / AI-generated text not originated by the author(s) without proper citation will be considered plagiarism and submissions will be rejected on this basis. If the inclusion of LLM / AI-generated text not generated by the author(s) is discovered after publication and not properly acknowledged, then the article will be removed from Engage.

We strongly suggest that if you use a LLM / AI tool, you use it to ideate rather than generate text. Use of such tools to generate concepts to help you explore issues is acceptable. Avoid using the text not originating with the author(s) verbatim unless this is essential to the article you wish to submit. Where you do use verbatim text from an LLM / AI tool, you should explicitly acknowledge this, for example, "The information in this work was [generated/revised] by ChatGPT, a language model developed by OpenAI (, accessed on [DATE]."